What do marital counselors do?
Marital counselors are professional, licensed therapists that help people who experience difficulties within their intimate relationships. Marriage counseling, sometimes known as couples therapy or counseling, can help couples to resolve conflict, understand the other person better and improve the relationship in general. Marital counselors provide couples with the tools to communicate in more productive and positive ways, and show them how to negotiate their problems in a way that is healthy for the relationship.
Although the term may suggest that marital counselors only help people that are in legally recognized relationships, marital counselors work with people in all kinds of relationships - whether heterosexual or same-sex relationships or whether the couple is legally married, co-habiting or in a relationship where neither partner lives with the other. Sometimes marital counselors work with only one partner in the relationship if the other partner is unwilling, or unable, to attend the therapy sessions.
Speech and language therapists assess, diagnose and treat patients who present a wide range of issues related to speech, language, voice, swallowing and verbal communication. Speech therapists work with people who cannot produce speech sounds clearly, or in some cases, at all. These therapists work with people who have speech rhythm and fluency issues, i.e., stuttering. They also work with people who have voice disorders or those who have problems understanding and producing normal language patterns. Speech therapists also help those who want to improve their communication skills or lack of attention, memory or problem-solving skills. These professional therapists also work with people who have swallowing difficulties.
Speech, language and swallowing obscurities can result from a variety of causes. These causes may include some type of brain injury or trauma, delays in development or learning disorders or disabilities.
Group Therapy is a form of psychotherapy (personal counseling with a therapist through conversations and discussions). As opposed to individual counseling, the therapist may opt to treat a group of people together, if the issues of all members of the group are similar. Members in the group decide what they want to talk about and are highly encouraged by a moderator --- counselor --- to give feedback to one another once dialogue begins. The therapist is merely a mediator in the group and keeps the members on task with discussing the problems.
Instead of feeling trapped in a one-on-one setting between a patient and a therapist, group therapy often reveals a realm of new avenues about how a person might interact with others in a socially-acceptable manner. For instance, a person might open up about a specific problem he or she is having and find that another person who was listening to the “situation” is experiencing the same crisis or facing the same personal obstacle.